Copper Defiencies by
"Copper Iron Nutrition
Deficiencies by Dr Wallach, Rare Earths Book:
Their secrets of health and longevity
from the Periodic Table of
Metals, Minerals & Rare Earths
Cu - Copper is
found in igneous rocks at 55 ppm; shale at 45 ppm; sandstone
at 5 ppm; limestone 4 ppm; fresh water at 0.01 ppm; sea water
at 0.003 ppm; soils at 2 to 100 ppm (copper is strongly absorbed
by humus; there are known areas of the world with extreme copper
deficiency); marine plants 11 ppm; land plants 14 ppm; marine
animals 4 to 50 ppm ( accumulates in the blood of annelids (worms),
crustaceans and mollusks, especially cephalopods; land animals
at 2 to 4 ppm with highest levels in the liver.
important to all living organisms and is a universally important
cofactor for many hundreds of metalloenzynes. Copper deficiency
is widespread and appears in many forms (Table 11 -13). Copper
is required in many physiological functions (i.e.- RNA, DNA,
lysil oxidase cofactor, melanin (Fig. 1 1-7) Production (hair
and skin pigment), electron transfer of oxygen subcellular respiration,
tensile strength of elastic fibers in blood vessels, skin, vertebral
enzootic ataxia (sway back, lamkruis) was recognized as a clinical
entity in 1937 as a copper deficiency in pregnant sheep. Copper
supplements prevented the syndrome which was characterized by
demolition of the cerebellum (Fig. 11-8) and spinal cord. Cavitation
or gelatinous lesions of the cerebral white matter, chromatolysis,
nerve cell death and myelin aplasia (failure to form).
people affected or dying of an obvious copper deficiency include
Albert Einstein (ruptured cerebral aneurysms), Paavo Aerola (ruptured
cerebral aneurysms), Conway Twitty (ruptured abdominal aorta
aneurysm), George and Barbara Bush (thyroid disease, white hair)
- four to six of every 100 Americans autopsied have died of a
ruptured aneurysm, an additional 40 Percent have aneurysms that
had not yet ruptured.
average well-nourished adult human body contains between 80 and
120 mg of copper. Concentrations are higher in the brain, liver,
heart and kidneys. Bone and muscle have lower percentages of
copper but contain 50 percent of the body total copper reserves
because of their mass. It is of interest that the greatest concentration
of copper is found in the newborn and their daily requirement
is 0.08 mg/kg, toddlers require 0.04 mg/kg and adults only 0.03
average plasma copper for women ranges from 87 to 153 mg/dl and
for men it ranges from 89 to 137 mg/dl; about 90 percent of the
plasma copper is found in ceruloplasmin.
functions as a co-factor and activator of numerous cuproenzymes
that are involved in the development (deficiency of Cu in the
pregnant female results in congenital defects of the heart, i.e.-Kawasaki
Disease and brain - i.e.- cerebral palsy and hypoplasia of the
cerebellum) and maintenance of the cardiovascular system (deficiency
results in reduced lysyl oxidase activity causing a reduction
in conversion of pro elastin to elastin causing a decrease in
tinsel strength of arterial walls and ruptured aneurysms (Figs.
11-9, 1 1-10 and 1 1-11) and skeletal integrity (deficiency results
in a specific type of arthritis of the young in the form of spurs
in the bones growth plate); deficiency can result in myelin defects;
deficiency results in anemia; and poor hair keratinization and
loss of hair color. Neutropenia (reduced numbers of neutophillic
WBC) and leukopenia (reduced total WBC) are the earliest indicators
of copper deficiency in infants; infants whose diets are primarily
cows milk frequently develop anemia; iron storage disease can
result from chronic copper deficiency.
Kinky Hair Syndrome is thought to be a sex-linked recessive defect
of copper absorption. The affected infants exhibit retarded growth,
defective carotene formation and loss of hair pigment, low body
temperature, degeneration and fracture of aortic elastin (aneurysms),
arthritis in the growth plate of long bones, and a progressive
mental deterioration (brain tissue is totally free of the essential
enzyme cytochrome coxidase).
and plasma copper increase 100 % in pregnant women and women
using oral contraceptives. Serum copper levels are also elevated
during acute infections, liver disease and pellegra (niacin deficiency).
of copper in the cornea form Kayser-Fleischer rings.
Fe - Iron is
found in igneous rocks at 56,300 ppm; shale at 47,200 ppm; sandstone
at 9,800 ppm and limestone at 3,800 ppm; fresh water at 0.67
ppm; sea water at 0.01 ppm; soils at 38,000 ppm (iron content
is responsible for most soil color); iron is most available in
acid soil and availability is greatly determined by bacterial
activity in the soil; marine plants at 700 ppm(very high in plankton);
land plants at 140 ppm; marine animals at 400 ppm (high in the
blood of annelids (worms), echinoderms, fish and in eggs of cephalad
mollusks); essential to all land animals.
in the 1860's was the first to regard iron as an essential
nutrient for animals. During the 1920's an animal model for iron
deficiency research was created by feeding rats on an exclusive
a healthy adult human there is 3 to 5 gms of iron. The newborn
infant has nearly double the amount of iron per kg than adults.
Sixty to 70 percent of tissue iron is classed as essential or
functional iron, and 30 to 40 Percent as storage iron. The essential
iron is found as an integral part of hemoglobin, myogobin (muscle
oxygen storing pigments - particularly rich in deep diving animals
such as whales, walrus, seals, etc.) and respiratory enzymes
involved with intracellular oxidation-reduction processes.
of iron include cofactor and activator of enzymes and metallo
enzymes; respiratory pigments (hemoglobin - iron is to hemoglobin
what Mg is to chlorophyll)and electron transfer for utilization
is stored in bone marrow and liver (i.e.- hemosiderin and ferritin).
The iron from meat is 10 percent available for absorption while
iron from fresh plant sources are only one percent available
because of phytates. Absorption takes place primarily in the
duodenum where the intestinal environment is still acid.
evidence shows very clearly that "pica" is a specific
sign of iron deficiency. Pica can drive children and adults to
eat ice (pagophagia), dirt (geophagia) or lead paint.
deficiency results from pregnancy, menstruation, chronic infections,
hypochlorhydria (low stomach acid from salt restricted diets),
chronic diarrhea, chronic bleeding (i.e.- cancer, ulcers, parasites,
etc.) and impaired absorption (i.e. high fat diets, celiac disease,
of iron deficiency include listlessness, fatigue, heart palpitations
on exertion, reduced cognition, memory deficits, sore tongue,
angular stomatitis, dysphagia, hypochromic microcytic anemia.
hydrochloric acid is required for optimal absorption of iron,
ascorbic acid increases absorption of iron, clays and phytates
decrease absorption of iron, The RDA of 18 mg per day as metallic
iron is very low if one is a vegan eating high fiber, high phytate
can cause cirrhosis of the liver, fibrosis of the pancreas, diabetes
and heart failure - these diseases are not direct affects of
iron per se, but rather the increased iron causes increased needs
for selenium, copper, zinc, etc.
study shows unprecedented power in this obscure mineral"
Prevents cancer! Selenium has been found to prevent some cancers
by up to 69%! Reduced cancer deaths by 50% in a university study.
Increases immune system. Found to increase some immune factors
by up to 79%! Lifts mood and reduces anxiety - Designed for high
absorption Selenium is a strong antioxidant which is thought
to protect us against the ravages of free radicals. Added source
of Bilberry Extract,Aloe Vera, Copper, Chromium, Vanadium and
Available in capsule form - 90 count. per bottle
Sources: University of Arizona study Double
Blind "Gold Standard" U.S. Department of Agriculture
& University of Brussels
Facts Serving Size: 1 Capsule
Amount Per Serving
% Daily Value
A (100% of beta carotene)
C (as ascorbic acid)
E (d-alpha tocopheryl acetate)
(as zinc amino acid chelate)
(as selenium amino acid chelate)
(as copper amino acid chelate)
(as chromium amino acid chelate)
vera gel (Aloe vera)
fruit (Vaccinium myrtillus) *p.e. ** 25% anthocyanidins
(as vanadium amino acid chelate)
Daily Value not established
Ingredients: Gelatin Capsule (gelatin and water)
Take 1 capsule, three times a day, or as directed by your health
Wholesale Price: $22.00
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*RDI's have not been established
are essential to life itself!
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